Northern Territory Government

Roll of Honour


Roll of Honour Resources

The Northern Territory Library has used a wide range of resources to research and compile the biographies contained in this Roll of Honour. The wealth of archival material now available online provides researchers with unprecedented access to key documents related to the bombing of Darwin. Our comprehensive list includes all sources of information used, both print and electronic, from collections held by the Northern Territory Library and by national and NT Archives, museums and other organisations.

Library staff also wishes to acknowledge the valuable assistance provided by local history groups, archivists and families of these men and women who sacrificed their lives in Darwin on 19 February 1942.

Newspapers | Archives | Books | Journal Articles | Other Resources | Pamphlets | Unpublished Manuscripts | E-books | Websites


The Advertiser
The Age
The Argus
Army News
Barrier Miner
Cairns Post
Chicago Daily
Courier Mail
Illawarra Mercury
Los Angeles Times
The Miami News
New York Times
Northern Standard
The Pittsburgh Press
The Portsmouth Herald
(New Hampshire)
The Register

Sydney Morning Herald

West Australian

The Whisperer

National Archives of Australia

Series no. A705 Control symbol 163/90/235, Casualty, repatriation Leonard Arthur Barton
Series no. A705 Control symbol 163/160/175, Casualty, repatriation Albert Victor Leske Schulz
Series no. A705 Control symbol 163/162/290, Casualty, repatriation Robert Frederick Simons
Series no. A9300 Control symbol Tindal A.R., Service Record Archibald Robert Tindal
Series no. A9301 Control symbol 18368, Service Record Leonard Arthur Barton
Series no. A9301 Control symbol 20361, Service Record Francis Neaylon
Series no. A9301 Control symbol 26040, Service Record Robert Frederick Simons
Series no. A9301 Control symbol 28222, Service Record Albert Victor Leske Schulz
Series no. A9301 Control symbol 45738, Service Record Stanley George Smith
Series no: AWM78 Control symbol 400/2 RAN Administrative Authority - Darwin Naval Base (HMAS MELVILLE): Reports of Proceedings [war diary]
Series no. B2455 Control symbol Conanan, R, Service record Ricardo Conanan
Series no. B883 Control symbol NX70211, Service Record Margaret Augusta De Mestre
Series no. B883 Control symbol VX68883, Service Record Boyns Hedley Hocking
Series no. D955 Control symbol PC 1986/848, Air Raid on Darwin Post Office, 19 th February, 1942
Series no: D1976 Control Symbol SB1942/163 Nominal roll hospital ship 2/1 'Manunda'
Series no. E114 Control symbol 1942/94 PART 1 Darwin Enemy Air Raids - Damage caused by Enemy Aircraft - Miscellaneous Correspondence
Series no. E1538 Control symbol 3, Cemeteries - [Darwin]
Series no. F1 Control symbol 1942/364, Darwin Raids - Casualty Lists & Enquiries
Series no. MP238/3 Control symbol 1/701/276, Transport wharf labourers to Darwin, December, 1941
Series no. MP456/4 Control symbol 1943/120, Casualty “Don Isidro” bombed and sunk
Series no. MP508/1 Control symbol 51/701/48, Darwin casualties
Series no. MP742/1 Control symbol 51/1/140, Casualties at Darwin
Series no. MP1049/5 Control symbol 2026/16/538, 2/1 Hospital ship Manunda, Darwin casualties resulting from air raid on 19 th & 20 th Feb. 1942
Series no. SP1133/2 Control symbol 1942/10/284, Claim for the property of a deceased seaman who has left no will [Keith Davern ex Zealandia]
Series no.  SP290/2 Control symbol 1941/MANUNDA/4 HMAS MANUNDA official log book 20 September 1941 - 5 November 1942 [Volumes 1 and 2]
Series no.  SP290/2 Control symbol 1941/ZEALANDIA/4, ZEALANDIA official log book 29 October 1941 - 19 February 1942

Northern Territory Archive Service

F77 1/42 - Commissioner of Police, correspondence file - Darwin miscellaneous
F77 76/46 - Commissioner of Police, correspondence file - George Michael
F77 120/44 - Commissioner of Police, correspondence file - George Michael
NTRS 226 TS 749 - Typed transcript of oral history with Margaret Litchfield
NTRS 226 TS 749 - Typed transcript of oral history with Lydia de Julia
NTRS 1402 - Copyprints of RAAF aerodrome during the Second World War and the opening of Latham Club, Tindal Base, 1989
NTRS 1442 - Correspondence describing death of brother Phillips Stonham Latham, during the Second World War bombing raid on Fenton airfield
NTRS 3623 27/1945 - Probate files - Francisco Augusto Chavez
NTRS 3623 29/1946 - Probate files - George Michael
NTRS 3623 31/1949 - Probate files - Andrew John DeJulia

Northern Territory Department of Legislative Assembly – Parliamentary Education Services

1999/00202 - PROPERTY MANAGEMENT - Exhibitions - Artwork - Post Office Bombing Memorial Tribute
1999/00653 - PROPERTY MANAGEMENT - Exhibitions - Artwork - Post Office Bombing Memorial Tribute
2000/00052 - PROPERTY MANAGEMENT - Exhibitions - Artwork - Post Office Bombing Memorial Tribute
2000/00095 - PROPERTY MANAGEMENT - Exhibitions - Artwork - Post Office Bombing Memorial Tribute


Alford, Bob Darwin's Air War 1942-1945: an illustrated history commemorating the Darwin Air Raids. Darwin, Colemans Printing, 2001.

Alford, Bob Darwin's Air War 1942-1945, 2nd ed., Darwin, Aviation Historical Society of the Northern Territory, 2011.

Alford, Lodwick H. Playing for time: war on an Asiatic fleet destroyer, 2nd ed., Bennington, Vt. , Merriam Press, 2008.

Australia under attack: Darwin and the Northern Territory 1942-1945, Canberra, Department of Veteran Affairs, 2007.

Australians under fire 1942: Australia's heritage in stamps, Melbourne, Australia Post, 1991.

Back to Rainbow & District Committee (comps.) “ Deeds, not words": a pictorial tribute to our pioneers, Rainbow, Vic., Robert Long & Julia Hart at The Rainbow Argus, 1993.

Bartlett, Mike. Port of Darwin, 150 years. Darwin : Darwin Port Authority, 1990.

Bartsch, William H. Every day a nightmare: American pursuit pilots in the defence of Java, 1941-1942. College Station, Tx., Texas A&M University Press, 2010.

Bradford, John In the highest traditions…RAN heroism Darwin air raid 19 February 1942, Henley Beach, S.A., Seaview Press, 2000.

Buckley, Ken and Klugman, Kris The Australian presence in the Pacific: Burns Philp, 1914-1946, Sydney, George Allen & Unwin, 1983.

Cassells, Vic For those in peril: a comprehensive listing of the ships and the men of the Royal Australian Navy who have paid the supreme sacrifice in the wars of the twentieth century, Kenthurst, N.S.W., Kangaroo Press, 1995.

Clark, Paul Ten shipwrecks of the Northern Territory, [Darwin, N.T.], Museums & Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, 2008.

Clark, W.R. Darwin 19 th February 1942: an account of events leading to and during raids 1 and 2 by the Japanese Navy Air Force, Canberra, Office of the War Historian, 1953.

Connaughton, Richard Shrouded secrets: Japan's war on mainland Australia, 1942-1944, London, Brasseys, 1994.

Cropp, Richard and Mitchell, S.D. The Coyotes: a history of the South Dakota National Guard, Published with the cooperation of the South Dakota Board of Military Affairs and the National Guard Officers Association, Mitchell, Sth. Dakota, 1962.

Curkpatrick, Kathryn M. Saddle to boots : a history of the 19th (Aust) Machine Gun Battalion. Publisher [Clifton Hill, Vic.] : K.M. Curkpatrick, 1990.

Dickinson, Janet A tribute to two special Territorians: Boyne & Glad Litchfield, Mackay Qld., The Author, 1996.

Enright, Francis James To leave this Port, Enright Publishing, Orick, Calif., 1990.

Fildes, R.D. The ships that serve Australia and New Zealand, v.2, Sydney, Searail Productions, 1975-1977.

Forrest, Peter and Sheila Federation frontline: a people's history of World War II in the Northern Territory, Darwin, Centenary of Federation Northern Territory, 2001.

Forrest, Peter and Sheila  Battling: Territorians and their war. Darwin, N.T. : Shady Tree, 2012.

Forster, Pat The Navy in Darwin, 1941-1943: a graphic record from a sailor's sketchbook with photographs from the early 1940s, Darwin, Museums and Galleries of the N.T., 1992.

Geddes, Frank, Frank Geddes Manuscript Collection, in possession of Northern Territory Library, Darwin.

Gillett, Ross Australian & New Zealand warships, 1914-1945, Sydney, Doubleday, 1983.

Goodman, Rupert Hospital ships, Brisbane, Boolarong Press,1992.

Green, Julie The personal touch: a look at South Australia's Postal history from Proclamation day to the present day, Adelaide, Australia Post, 1985.

Grose, Peter An awkward truth: the bombing of Darwin, 1942, Crows Nest, N.S.W., Allen & Unwin, 2009.

Hall, Timothy Darwin 1942: Australia's darkest hour, Sydney, Methuen Australia, 1980.

Heath, Bill The 148th Field artillery story World War II: unit history 1940-1946, 3rd ed. Boise, Id., Idaho Military Historical Society, 2008.

Hill, Ernestine The Territory, Sydney, Angus & Robertson, 1951.

Jackson, Ronald The broken eighth: a history of the 2/14 th Australian Field Regiment, Melbourne, Clipper Press, 1997.

Jordan, Roger W. The world's merchant fleets, 1939: the particulars and wartime fates of 6000 ships, Annapolis, Md., Naval Institute Press, 2006.

Kriloff, Herbert Officer of the deck: a memoir of the Pacific War and the sea, Pacifica, Calif., Pacifica Press, 2000.

Kriloff, Herbert Proceed orange: assume command, Calgary, Ab., Detselig Enterprises, 2002.

Leonard, Claudian A history of the Post and Telegraph buildings, Darwin N.T., Adelaide, Telecom Australia, 1985.

Lewis, Tom A war at home: a comprehensive guide to the first Japanese attacks on Darwin, Darwin, Tall Stories, 2007.

Lewis, Tom (1986-1993), Tom Lewis Manuscript Collection, in possession of Northern Territory Library, Darwin.

Lewis, Tom Wrecks in Darwin waters, Wahroonga, N.S.W., Turton & Armstrong, 1992.

Lockwood, Douglas Australia's Pearl Harbour: Darwin 1942, Adelaide, Rigby, 1972.

Lockwood, Douglas Australia under attack: the bombing of Darwin – 1942, Frenchs Forest, N.S.W., New Holland, 2005.

Lockwood, Douglas Fair dinkum, London, Cassell, 1960.

Lockwood, Douglas The front door: Darwin 1869-1969, Adelaide, Rigby, 1968.

McCarthy, Sophie World War II shipwrecks: and the first Japanese air raid on Darwin, 19 February 1942 , Darwin, Northern Territory Museum of Arts & Sciences, 1992.

Marcus, Alex “DEMS? What's DEMS?: the story of the men of the Royal Australian Navy who manned defensively equipped merchant ships during World War II, Brisbane, Boolarong Publications, 1986.

Mayo, Lida. The Ordnance Department : on beachhead and battlefront. Washington, D.C. : Center of Military History, U.S. Army . 1991

McQuade White, Edith Reminiscences of an Australian Army nurse, Brisbane, Eager & Lamb, 1910.

Messimer, Dwight R. In the hands of fate: the story of Patrol Wing Ten, 8 December 1941-11 May 1942, Annapolis, Md., Naval Institute Press, 1985.

Mullin, J. Daniel Another six-hundred: a true history in narrative form, on the employment of Destroyer Division 59, and other U.S. Asiatic Fleet destroyers during the first 85 days of World War II, written by a man about himself and others who were there, [New York, N.Y.], J.D. Mullin, 1984.

Page, Michael Fitted for the voyage: the Adelaide Steamship Company, 1875-1975, Adelaide, Rigby, 1975.

P.M.G. Employees Letters from Darwin, February 1942, Darwin, Historical Society of the Northern Territory, 2010.

Powell, Alan The shadow's edge: Australia's northern war, Carlton, Vic. Melbourne University Press, 1988.

Powell, Alan The shadow's edge: Australia's northern war, Rev. ed., Darwin, Charles Darwin University Press, 2007.

Rayner, Robert J. The army and the defence of Darwin fortress: exploding the myths of the critical phase 'til September 1942, Sydney, Rudder Press, 1995.

Robertson, J. Edward (comp.) Rainbow of today : the great wheat growing district of Victoria, Rainbow, Vic., J.E. Robertson, 1910.

Rorrison, James D. Nor the years contemn: air war on the Australian front 1941- 42, Brisbane, Palomar Publications, 1992.

Ruwoldt, Rex Darwin's battle for Australia: a history of Darwin's role in the defence of Australia in WWII, Clifton Springs, Vic., Darwin Defenders 1942-45 Inc., 2005.

Ryan, Paddy. "Flames of Darwin" p.240-247 in  Jones, T. M. and Idriess, Ion L. The silent service : action stories of the Anzac Navy 2nd Rev. ed. Sydney ; London : Angus and Robertson, 1952.

Smith, Alan Outback corridor: World War II lines of communication across Australia from Adelaide to Darwin and Mt. Isa: Northern Territory wartime experiences: Army Women's Services in the N.T., Plympton, S.A., A.C. Smith, 2002.

Smith, Neil C. With the red duster: Australian merchant mariners who paid the supreme sacrifice in World War Two , Gardenvale, Vic., Mostly Unsung Military History Research and Publications, 2006.

South Dakota World War II History Commission, South Dakota in World War II: an account of the various activities of the people of South Dakota during the period of World War II, both in South Dakota and where South Dakotans and South Dakota units were active throughout the world, Pierre, Sth. Dakota, World War II History Commission, 1947.

Stindt, Fred A. Matson's Century of Ships, Kelseyville, Calif., Fred A. Stindt, 1982.

Studeman, Dan. A Small War, self-published, Pennant Hills, 1992

Thomson, A.K. This is an account by A.K. Thomson through his memory of his experiences as a member of the 2/4 Pioneer Battalion, in Australia and overseas during the years 1941-1946. [Mittagong, N.S.W. : A.K. Thomson, 1991]

United States Naval historical Research Centre, Washington Navy Yard. USS William B. Preston. Ship’s Log in Lewis, Tom (1986-1993), Tom Lewis Manuscript Collection, in possession of Northern Territory Library, Darwin.

Wilde, Andrew Jr. (ed.) U.S.S. Peary (DD-226) in World War II, Manila to Darwin, 12/10/41-2/19/42, Needham, Mass., The Editor, 2007.

Williams, Edward A. and Collas, Phil Northern Territory: a postal history 1824-1975, San Diego, Calif., Society of Australasian Specialists, 1977.

Winslow, Walter G. The fleet the Gods forgot: the U.S. Asiatic fleet in World War II, Annapolis, Md., Naval Institute Press, 1982.

Journal Articles

Cropp, Richard ‘A history of the 147th Field Artillery Regiment 1939-1942', Report and Historical Collections, v. XXX, 1960, pp.437-567.

Gale, M. B. HMAS Platypus and Darwin Naval Historical Review : Official Journal of the Naval Historical Society of Australia 1987 vol.9 No.2 June p.13-25

Ireland, G.W. H.M.A.S. Platypus' in Darwin during blitz 19 Feb. 1942 Naval Historical Review : Official Journal of the Naval Historical Society of Australia 1985 vol.7 No.1 March p.7-11

Rosenzweig, Paul A. ‘Darwin 1942: a reassessment of the first raid casualties', Sabretache, v.36, no.2, April/June 1995, pp.3-15.

Rosenzweig, Paul A. ‘Roll of honour – Bombing of Darwin’,  Australian Military News, February 1997, pp.18.

Smith, Alan H. ‘Operation "Potshot" - Exmouth Gulf 1942-1944', Sabretache, v. 64, no. 2, June 2003, pp.13- 24.

Sharp, Gregory ‘No greater sacrifice: Matson Lines' unsung WWII casualties', Sea Classics , v. 38, iss. 3, March 2005, pp.26-31.

Steinberg, David ‘Raising the war: Japanese salvage divers and allied shipwrecks in post-war Darwin', Bulletin of the Australasian Institute for Maritime Archaeology, v.33, 2009, pp.11-18.

Other Resources

Birth Registration Transcription of Archibald Thomas Roy Halls, born 3 July, 1892, Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages NSW 1892/8648

Birth Registration Transcription of Jennie Freda Stasinowsky, born 30 June, 1906, Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages NSW 1906/22237

Northern Territory Australia Deaths 1824 to 2004: part 1 (CD-ROM), Darwin, Genealogical Society of the Northern Territory Inc., 2005.

South Australian Births Registration: 1842-1906 (CD-ROM), Adelaide, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, 1998.

South Australian Births Registration: 1907-1928 (CD-ROM), Adelaide, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, 2005.

South Australian Deaths Registration: 1842-1915 (CD-ROM), Adelaide, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, 2000.

South Australian Deaths Registration: 1916-1972 (CD-ROM), Adelaide, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, 2000.

South Australian Marriages Registration: 1842-1916 (CD-ROM), Adelaide, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, 2001.

South Australian Marriages Registration: 1917-1937 (CD-ROM), Adelaide, South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society, 2002.

Victorian Directory: 1929 [CD-ROM], Melbourne, Sands & McDougall, 1929.


USAT Mauna Loa: 1919-1942 : sunk during the first air raid Darwin Harbour 19 February, 1942, Northern Territory Shipwrecks, Darwin, Natural Resources, Environment, The Arts and Sport, n.d.

Unpublished Manuscripts

Leonard, C. 1913. '12 days: a personal diary relating some experiences and activities of post office staff during and following Japanese air raids on Darwin N.T. which commenced on 19 February 1942', in possession of the Northern Territory Library, Darwin.


Mayo, Lida “The Ordnance Department: on beachhead and battlefront”, Washington, D.C., Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 1991. --


1881 Scotland Census (taken on 3 / 4 April 1881) --

Adelaide River War Cemetery --

Air Force News --

American Jewish Historical Society WWII Jewish Servicemen Cards, 1942-1947 --

The Armidale School Community Archives --

Australian Electoral Rolls 1903 – 1980 --

Australian Marriage Records 1788-1950 --

Australian War Memorial (Collections, Roll of Honour, Commemorative Roll) -- http://

Canada, Ocean Arrivals (Form 30A),1919-1924 (Canadian ocean arrivals 5 June 1920) --

The Central Indexed Register of Merchant Seamen (1918-1941) --

Commonwealth War Graves Commission -- http://

Darwin, 19th February, 1942 / by Brendan de Burca 2010 --

Destroyer Escort Sailors Association Official Website --

Destroyer History Foundation USS Peary --

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships --

Find a grave --

HMAS Kangaroo --

HMAS Platypus --

HMAS Swan --

Military Times: A Gannett Company --

New South Wales, Australia, Unassisted Immigrant passenger Lists, 1826-1922 --

New South Wales Births, Deaths and Marriages --

Northern Territory debates 5 March 1985 Mr Firmin… --

Personal recollections of the bombing of Darwin – 1942 / written in 1987 by George W. Boniface --

Queensland Births, Deaths and Marriages --

Ryerson Index --

Spitfire Association --

United States Federal Census 1910 1920 1930 --

United States Marine Corps Muster Rolls, 1798-1940 --

United States Naval Academy - Lucky Bag - --

United States Navy Memorial --

United States Veterans Gravesites, ca.1775-2006 --

United States Rosters of World War II Dead, 1939-1945 --

United States World War II Navy Muster Rolls, 1938-1949 --

World War II and Korean Conflict Veterans Interred Overseas --

World War II Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Casualties, 1941-1945 -- -

World War II Nominal Roll --