Northern Territory Government

Roll of Honour

GRIFFIN, Ralph

Peary and Manunda

Smoke from sinking USS Peary with Australian hospital ship Manunda on extreme right.


Ralph E. Griffin was born in Michigan in 1913, youngest son of eight children born to Walter and Rose Griffin. He enlisted on 9 October 1940 in Detroit. He served on the aircraft carrier USS Saratoga until 31 December 1940, when he was transferred to the Asiatic Station for duty. He transferred to Naval Hospital Canacao, the Philippines, on 11 October 1941 from the Blackhawk. Griffin transferred to the Peary on 25 November 1941 and served as Seaman 2nd Class.

His next of kin was recorded as his brother Charles Griffin of RFD1, Clifford, Michigan. Griffin was twenty-eight years old and unmarried when he died in Darwin Harbour.

The Peary had endured a dramatic voyage to Australia in December 1941, after sustaining damage in a bombing attack on the Cavite Navy Yard in the Philippines. The crew camouflaged the ship with green paint borrowed from the Army, and took refuge during daylight by anchoring close to the islands and covering the ship with palm fronds. Many of the Peary’s crew contracted malaria on this journey and eight men eventually died from the disease. They were attacked on 26 and 27 December, but avoided damage by violent manoeuvring. The Peary arrived in Darwin on 3 January.

In January the Peary was operating on anti-submarine patrol, convoy and escort missions; while escorting troops from Darwin to Timor, the ship was again attacked. They returned to Darwin, refuelled and set off again with the cruiser USS Houston. A fruitless submarine chase exhausted the Peary’s fuel, and she returned to Darwin in the early hours of 19 February.

The Peary was hit early in the bombing of Darwin, and appears to have sunk within 40 minutes. The fifth bomb to hit the Peary caused the fatal damage that sent her to the bottom and it was said to be the last bomb dropped that day on the harbour. The Peary’s machine guns continued to fire at the Japanese planes even as she sank. Eighty-eight officers and men, including Captain Bermingham, were killed; twenty of the fifty-seven survivors were wounded.

In December 1942 the Peary was awarded one battle star for service in World War II.

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