Northern Territory Government

Roll of Honour

PALERMO, James William

Peary

The USS Peary sank in Darwin on 19 February 1942 as a result of heavy Japanese bombing.


James William Palermo, Fireman 2nd Class (223-88-16), was born in New York, the son of John and Irene Palermo, of 78 Dongan Avenue, Castleton Corners, Staten Island, New York. In 1957 his mother, Mrs Irene Palermo, was living at 94 Arlo Road, Staten Island.

He enlisted in New York and served on the battleship Nevada for the first half of 1940 before transferring to the aircraft carrier Enterprise in June 1940. On 14 September 1941, Palermo transferred to the Peary, and was bombed in Cavite Bay and on three subsequent occasions on the way to Australia and Timor.

He was not married when he died in Darwin.  His nephew was named James William Palermo, in his memory. James in turn named his own son James William. He has surviving family members in Florida and Alabama.

The Peary had endured a dramatic voyage to Australia in December 1941, after sustaining damage in a bombing attack on the Cavite Navy Yard in the Philippines. The crew camouflaged the ship with green paint borrowed from the Army, and took refuge during daylight by anchoring close to the islands and covering the ship with palm fronds. Many of the Peary’s crew contracted malaria on this journey and eight men eventually died from the disease. They were attacked on 26 and 27 December, but avoided damage by violent manoeuvring. The Peary arrived in Darwin on 3 January.

In January the Peary was operating on anti-submarine patrol, convoy and escort missions; while escorting troops from Darwin to Timor, the ship was again attacked. They returned to Darwin, refuelled and set off again with the cruiser USS Houston. A fruitless submarine chase exhausted the Peary’s fuel, and she returned to Darwin in the early hours of 19 February.

The Peary was hit early in the bombing of Darwin, and appears to have sunk within 40 minutes. The fifth bomb to hit the Peary caused the fatal damage that sent her to the bottom and it was said to be the last bomb dropped that day on the harbour. The Peary’s machine guns continued to fire at the Japanese planes even as she sank. Eighty-eight officers and men, including Captain Bermingham, were killed; twenty of the fifty-seven survivors were wounded.

In December 1942 the Peary was awarded one battle star for service in World War II.

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